Global poultry industry sees reduced production costs as feed prices drop

By Jane Byrne

- Last updated on GMT

© GettyImages/Nerthuz
© GettyImages/Nerthuz

Related tags bird flu Avian influenza Brazil China Poultry Soybean meal Rabobank

The poultry sector is experiencing relief from high production costs as cheaper grains and oilseeds permeate poultry value chains, alleviating cost pressures on the industry and making chicken products more affordable for consumers, reports Rabobank.

Indeed, the global poultry industry is poised for a strong second half of the year, according to a briefing from the bank.

"Global feed prices are expected to continue declining, with projected costs for 2023 estimated to be 10% to 15% lower than the historic highs of 2022," said Nan-Dirk Mulder, senior analyst, animal protein, Rabobank.

While input costs decrease, supply remains relatively tight in several regions worldwide, including Europe, Mexico, Russia, the Philippines, and Malaysia.

Other regions, however, are witnessing an improvement in supply balance, namely the US, Japan, and Thailand. With the prices of competing proteins like pork, eggs, and beef anticipated to remain high, poultry is expected to receive some price support. 

Trade outlook

Global trade continued its growth trajectory of the past year, reaching another record of 3.5m metric tons in Q1 2023, and Brazil emergnig as a frontrunner. The Latin American country had a 17% increase in poultry exports during the first quarter of 2023, while US exports grew only slightly.

Conversely, Turkey, Argentina, and Chile have struggled due to trade restrictions imposed as a result of high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) cases, reads the industry note.

"We anticipate trade to maintain its strength in the latter half of the year, as major import markets like Europe, Japan, North Africa, the Middle East, South Africa, and the Philippines are projected to increase imports due to limited domestic supply and strong/improving prices," remarked Mulder.

However, weaker conditions in China may lead to increased price competition and reduced import demand, he said. 

Moreover an escalating number of HPAI cases in Brazil presents a wildcard, one that has put the industry on high alert. “Any potential outbreak in commercial flocks within the southern states of Brazil could have significant ramifications, including trade restrictions and disrupted global trade flows and prices.”

To prepare for the potential impact of an HPAI outbreak in Brazil, some importers have taken precautionary measures by building up their inventory. 

Sustained bird flu pressure anticipated 

The global spread of HPAI has continued throughout the year, exerting pressure across all continents. The outlook for the upcoming Southern Hemisphere winter months suggests sustained pressure, particularly in eastern Latin America, northeast Asia, and southern Africa.

"Brazil, especially its poultry-producing southern states, remains at high risk should an HPAI outbreak occur in commercial flocks," said Mulder.

Such outbreaks could have a major impact on global trade, with whole chicken and breast meat prices likely to be particularly affected. Some importing countries, especially in Far East Asia and the Middle East, could face very tight supply situations, while other import markets in Europe and Latin America could also be significantly affected, cautioned the Rabobank team.

As the year progresses, the threat is anticipated to shift to the Northern Hemisphere, placing Europe, North America, and northeast Asia at renewed risk, said the analysts.

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